Perfectly human, or it would be no example to us.3. But although He merited for all, all do not receive the grace He purchased. Perfectly human, or it would be no example to us. Had He suffered by private malice, His obedience had been less remarkable.4. The merit which appeals to goodness sets up no claim; that which rests on fidelity involves a promise; that which trusts to the justice of the rewarder implies a covenant. By successive processes He attained it. NRSV) is the Greek verb H. Giles, B. And yet it is a glory for humility that even proud men take a pride to shroud themselves in her mantle. But why to this name rather than to that of Christ? He veiled the very humility wherewith He humbled Himself to be obedient, so that Satan thought that He might be tempted through pride. It was a most convenient touchstone to prove the genuine disposition and work of men, so as to discriminate those who can discern and love true goodness though so disfigured, and not be scandalized by the Cross.4. No! ITS NATURE.1. His bodily presence stood forth always visibly and palpably a man. (1) It must be good. Yet after all, with this combination of natural, super natural, and Divine energies in the work of Christ, its claim on Divine retribution must rest on some covenant or promise. IT WAS NOT THE BODY OF CHRIST ONLY WHICH WAS HUMAN WHILE HIS SOUL WAS DIVINE, BUT THAT SOUL AND BODY WERE EQUALLY IN THE LIKENESS OF MEN.1. There is nothing so sharp and intolerable, not even pain, to a noble spirit as shame (Hebrews 12:2). Such a covenant was made with Abraham (Hebrews 6:17, 18). Of all the names a Christian can wear there is not one which places him so near his Master as this — a servant of God. WHAT IS DEATH — especially as expressive of the condition to which Jesus humbled Himself? So our Lord, as His answer to Pilate testifies, received the human judgment as God's. )And being found in fashion as a man.The Saviour's fashionJ. To be scorned by men.4. If the Son could address the Father, and say, "Lo, I come," etc., we can conceive the human will of Christ in fulfilling the Father's will as resting on the Divine promise (Psalm 16:10, 11; Acts 1:4).II. "(1) Of this giving three doubts arise. (3) Our Lord's actions could have obtained no merit, whatever their perfection, had they resulted only from His natural powers. (6) By faith and hearty acceptance of Christ, let us put in for a share of, and get an interest in Christ's blood (Romans 3:25; Hebrews 9:14).3.  (4) Let us prize highly our own souls that were purchased at such a price (1 Peter 1:18). For it is the only name by which we can be saved. (e) Every tongue shall do this, i.e., every speech and dialect in the world. The Ruler of all brought to the state of a creature.1. "He was numbered among the transgressors." God, though He have so exalted it, yet reckons it not exalted until we exalt it too. The merit of the Cross rested on the whole of His life: as He foresaw His passion, so He accepted it.2. Death at his side is touching him with his inevitable dart, and he is represented as descending with manly step, but saddened brow, into the sepulchre yawning at his feet. The heinousness of our sins.3. (1) "He humbled" — so great a person. λόγος we must say somewhat; ὀμοῦ, do it together, not some speak and others keep mute; εξ, speak out, not whisper. Barrow, D. D.1. Again, how must He have "emptied Himself" of His majesty, who, when, with a word, He could have destroyed the ungodly, and "with the breath of His mouth" have "slain the wicked," was Himself sold into their hands for the price of a bondslave. In the likeness of the infant He lay in the manger, of the boy He sat in the temple, of the man He walked the length and breadth of the land. All judgment, as Moses says, is God's, or is administered by authority derived from Him, magistrates being His officers. It is Christmas Eve once again. Until what? This passage has six sections: Paul pleads with the Philippian Christians to listen to what He was the most obedient of Sons to His heavenly Father — "I can of Myself do nothing."III. For Himself (ver. Six complete hours in the heat of the day was Christ in dying (Mark 15:25; cf. Pride is madness in the presence of Him who made Himself of no reputation.5. From death to life, from shame to glory, from the form of a servant to the dignity of a sovereign. He came in order to do. "The Scripture marks the special stages of His humiliation.1. He took the nature of all, and thus merited for all (Hebrews 2:14). He is Lord of the Sabbath, but obeys the Sabbath.7. )Christ degradedJ. This death best suited the character of His undertaking. (1) "He humbled" — so great a person. It is possible to conceive that Jesus might have assumed our nature without submitting to the law of death. His outward life was the reflection of His sense of duty. "He was numbered among the transgressors." His humiliation had been to the ground, into the lowest parts of it; His exaltation was from thence. His poverty and privation.4. It was humiliation indeed for God to become man; much more, being man, to die.(J. He veiled the very humility wherewith He humbled Himself to be obedient, so that Satan thought that He might be tempted through pride. He trod not one step awry in sin, but many of the footsteps of sin appeared upon Him: e.g. Christ's actions in perfectness contrast with those of the creature. 4:2-3a). O. Mackay.During one of the campaigns in the American Civil War, when the winter weather was very severe, some of Stonewall Jackson's men having crawled out in the morning from their snow-laden blankets, half frozen, began to curse him as the cause of their sufferings. If the Son could address the Father, and say, "Lo, I come," etc., we can conceive the human will of Christ in fulfilling the Father's will as resting on the Divine promise (Psalm 16:10, 11; Acts 1:4).II. Had He suffered by private malice, His obedience had been less remarkable.4. From death to life, from shame to glory, from the form of a servant to the dignity of a sovereign. Here on earth it is otherwise. His constancy, meekness, charity, etc., were seen by vast multitudes, and made matters of the greatest notoriety. That staggers the best of us. We need not doubt that our Saviour, as a man, endowed with human sensibilities, felt these indignities; and not only so, but the infinite dignity of His person and the perfect innocency of His life must have enhanced His sufferings. (5) There are some things in the mediation of Christ which belong to ministry and others to authority. Here on earth it is otherwise. At thirty His argument for baptism is "Thus it becometh us," etc.4. Merit in the sense of an action to which a reward is due on grounds of justice can only exist where there is some stipulation. But He was more than willing (Luke 12:50).2. H. Giles, B. A.I.A VOLUNTARY death.II.A death of INFINITE LOVE.III.A death of KINGLY POWER.IV.A death of TERRIBLE BODILY PAIN AND MYSTERIOUS MENTAL ANGUISH.V.A death of CALM ASSURANCE.(R. For one of mean estate to be humble is no great praise, it were a fault were he not; but for a king, nay the King of kings to show this great humility, is a cause indeed. They reproached Him for disobedience to the Father, and breaking the law which He gave. How full of reverence to His name! Isaiah 59:2). Grace must aid and enrich the operation of the human faculties. The first we like well, but the latter not so (Luke 6:46).5. But how could God undertake the business? The nature of His kingdom was thereby signified. The merit of the Cross rested on the whole of His life: as He foresaw His passion, so He accepted it. It was His will to die; and yet He died not of His own will, but of His Father's. He gave His life with all its preciousness, a freewill offering, a priceless sacrifice "of a sweet-smelling savour unto God."(J. Thus it was that Christ went down to His grave, and when He rose and was glorified the great representative principle went on. (3) Be clothed therefore with humility, and gird yourself with energy.(J. All look to the former, very few to the latter; but even so obeyed Christ. (1) Your enemies are foiled. Here consider —(1) The contract was entered into from eternity (Titus 1:2). How could this happy design be compassed in consistence with the glory, justice, and truth of God?3. (Matthew 16:19; Revelation 3:7; Revelation 1:18; Revelation 20:2-3). Obedient and yet put to death? (5) Let us be willing, if need be, to shed our blood for Him (Acts 20:24; Revelation 12:11; Hebrews 12:4). To bear up under fierce pain for a few hours is a greater test of moral strength than the lifelong efforts of a healthy person. (2) Your person is accepted. Infidels and Christians little better are forced to "fall backward," and in the end to cry "Vicisti Galilaee," though they guard their tongues when they have done. And He will not have us worship Him like elephants, as if we had no joints in our knees; He will have more honour of men than of pillars in the Church. That His will and testament might be firm and effectual (Hebrews 9:16, 17; Luke 22:20).4. For Himself (ver. B. Pusey, D. D.All His attributes He veiled and hid; His infinity, to abide, like other unborn babes, within the virgin's womb; His eternity, to receive birth in time, younger than His creatures; His unchangeableness, to grow in stature, and (as it would seem) for His earthly form to decay, and be worn by His sufferings; His wisdom, "for our sake and among us to be ignorant, as man," "of that which, as Lord, He knew"; His self-sufficingness, that He, who had all things, became as though He had nothing. Not to Lazarus' life again, but to life immortal; from shame to the glory of the Father which shall never fade, as all here shall.2. Personal effort freely made lies at the root of all sacrifice. His humility. Vaughan, M. A.From eternity there was the idea and image of a man in the mind of God. We are hence obliged with affection and gratitude to adore each person in the blessed Trinity. In becoming a man He did not necessarily become mortal, for mortality is not an essential condition of humanity. Personal. Boston, D. D.)Christ a slaveJ. John was struck with the self-abasement of this act. How free and forward to do His will. That Scripture types might be fulfilled — Isaac, the offerings, the brazen serpent, etc.3. He prayed, and praying was heard, though He Himself was God. (2) He was born of a woman that we might be born of God (Galatians 4:4-5). Thus if Adam in Paradise, and some of His fallen descendants were to perform the same virtuous action, the act of the former would have more merit in the one sense; the act of the latter in the other. THE PERMANENCE OF THAT FASHION. (1) It must be good. (3) Shame and reproach. We are hence obliged with affection and gratitude to adore each person in the blessed Trinity. For what cause? Mortality, with Him, was a consequence of disobedience; and so Jesus, in becoming human, had He seen fit, might have been exempt from the law of death, or might have passed away by a translation, such as is recorded of Enoch and Elijah, and such as did transpire in His own history after He had risen, to die no more. (c) But if given Him ἐχαρίσατο "of grace," where is the merit then? God, though He have so exalted it, yet reckons it not exalted until we exalt it too. Pharaoh was humbled by His ten plagues. (b) He had it before. He hid His holiness, so that His apostate angel shrank not from approaching Him, to tempt Him. But Christ's obedience was unto —(a) Death. All his offices were derided: His Priestly (Matthew 27:42); His prophetical (Luke 22:64); His Kingly (John 19:2-3). Death is the wages of sin. Meriton, D. D.)The obedience of ChristJ. He industriously shunned a death such as might have brought Him honour when exposed to it by the malignity of the Pharisees. Either fall on our knees now, or be cast on our faces then; either confess Him with saints and angels, or with devils and damned spirits. Not to reward in the one case may be churlishness; in the other it would be to break one's word; whilst in the third there would be positive dishonesty. 10. (Matthew 16:19; Revelation 3:7; Revelation 1:18; Revelation 20:2-3). Remove the superstition and retain both. (3) He farther requires somewhat from the tongue. The vehemence of His love.2. "(3) Confess what? Christ might have been man without humiliation: e.g., had He assumed the "glorious body" He now wears.3. 8).1. In order to make this unambiguous, the framers of the Nicene And why should obedience come to that? He was the most obedient of Sons to His heavenly Father — "I can of Myself do nothing."III. At death the slave might be scourged and tortured as none other might, and the bitterest and vilest death was assigned to Him. —(1) Poverty. We are hence obliged with affection and gratitude to adore each person in the blessed Trinity. IN HIS LIFE.1. ver. The two are conjoined in Hebrews 10:7, and John 10:18. Vaughan, M. A.The word "servant" does not convey to us the degree of degradation which it meant centuries ago. )Christ's humiliation and exaltationBishop Andrewes. All is traceable to Divine mercy as its first source (Psalm 62:12), yet it is the Divine justice which is represented as under an obligation to repay the services which are rendered (Hebrews 6:10). The depth of Christ's humiliation. In HIS INCARNATION. As soon as the Saviour had resolved to take upon Him the form of a servant, it followed that He should be "made in the likeness of men." His humility. Of His own accord. As a subject of the state He pays the tribute at the same moment that He asserts His claim and privilege as the Son of God. He forewent not things without Him only; He forewent Himself He, the Creator, not only made Himself to need the creatures which He had formed, and was without them — He was hungry and thirsty, and wearied — but even in the things which He wrought, He depended not alone on the Godhead within Him but on the Father. (Bishop Andrewes.)HumilityJ. The better sort get to their knees gladly, and cheerfully confess Him. But why to this name rather than to that of Christ? This, ignominious in itself, exposed the sufferer to the scorn of the rude vulgar.2. (2) "Every knee" —(a) "Shall bow," for what better way to exalt Him than by our humility, who for His humility was exalted. (3)As citizen of the world He fulfilled the political law by paying taxes. Answer. In it the activities of endurance were taxed to the utmost limit. Conclusion:1. To us it is an introduction into the presence and companionship of God; to Him it was an abandonment into darkness unrelieved by a ray of Divine light, and whose solitude was unblessed by a whisper of Divine love. Let us trace on the likeness into His spiritual being. Is it then to be said, in the ignorance of our pride, in the supercilious presumption of our poor narrow thought, that the Infinite One must always be in Divine state and glory, in one manifestation, in one form of His infinite life, that whatever transpires in the history of the world or the universe, He can do nothing except what He has been forever doing — speak no new word — make no new revelation of Himself? with humiliation and shameful death is now endued with the highest majesty and Thus is depicted the lot of our common humanity. Christ's actions were of this character (Romans 15:36; Luke 22:42). The slave could hold no property. His temptation. The merit which appeals to goodness sets up no claim; that which rests on fidelity involves a promise; that which trusts to the justice of the rewarder implies a covenant. or "Who is My mother?"2. A. Pain. Answer. But neither of these possibilities were consistent with the mission of Jesus. (d)Constantly (Psalm 119:112). We must be careful not to suffer our conviction of the Deity of Christ to weaken our apprehension of His perfect manhood. Thus is depicted the lot of our common humanity. (5)As a child of God He fulfilled the spiritual law.2. The first we like well, but the latter not so (Luke 6:46).5. The slave could hold no property. But though thus many tongues, one confession that "Jesus Christ is Lord. (Cited and explained by O'Brien [pp. (3) The exact and impartial justice of God and His most righteous remedy against sin. So we are to esteem it above every name, and to show our esteem by bowing with the knee and confessing with the tongue. Such a covenant was made with Abraham (Hebrews 6:17, 18). (b) To us. Besides the knee is only dumb acknowledgment, but a vocal confession utters our mind plainly, and this He calls ἐξομολόγησις. Not, however, that suffering in itself is acceptable to God; the thief suffered; it was the way in which the purpose for which it was borne which made it acceptable.3. (2) No man can confess this "but by the Holy Ghost. It was very notorious, and lasted a competent time. To bear up under fierce pain for a few hours is a greater test of moral strength than the lifelong efforts of a healthy person. Not a natural death, nor a mere violent death, but a violent death having three embittering circumstances.1. A. "Render unto Caesar," etc.IV. (b) Why the knee first — because we thereby put ourselves in mind of due regard to Him in reverence, and are therefore the fitter to speak of and to Him with respect. A. If Christ shed His blood for sin(1) let us shed the blood of sin (Romans 6:10, 11; Galatians 5:24). A. From death to life, from shame to glory, from the form of a servant to the dignity of a sovereign. Meriton, D. D.)The obedience of ChristJ. We must be careful not to suffer our conviction of the Deity of Christ to weaken our apprehension of His perfect manhood. The same Hebrew word stands for both. His constancy, meekness, charity, etc., were seen by vast multitudes, and made matters of the greatest notoriety. The Greeks, then, in consistence with their own wisdom, could not reasonably scorn the Cross, which Christ freely chose to recommend the most excellent virtues to imitation.II. (3) It was not Absalom's humility, in show, his heart being full of pride and rebellion. H. Giles, B. A.I.A VOLUNTARY death.II.A death of INFINITE LOVE.III.A death of KINGLY POWER.IV.A death of TERRIBLE BODILY PAIN AND MYSTERIOUS MENTAL ANGUISH.V.A death of CALM ASSURANCE.(R. 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